Diplomacy of the United Empire of Earth
The UEE's foreign policy is the result of a complex process of elaboration, made up of contradictory debates decided by arbitration. On the other hand, the constitutional system of the UEE provides for a precise distribution of powers (checks and balances), which gives the different actors (Imperator, Senate, Supreme Court of the UEE or civil society) a power to influence in a very different way the development of the UEE's foreign policy.
However, some of the fundamentals of the UEE's external policy have been present since their creation. Decision-making is shared between the executive power the Inperator and the administration of the UEE and the legislative power, the Senate. Both are influenced by civil society (pressure groups, electorates and think tanks).
Legislative and Executive Competencies
The Imperator is the head of the UEE government. He is currently responsible for representing the diplomacy of the UEE, Kelos Kostigan holds the position.
The principle of separation of powers sought by the founders of the UEE leads them to try to create "two vigorous, active and combative branches by granting them significant overlapping roles in the field of foreign policy".
The Constitution in principle establishes the Imperator's predominant role in foreign policy (Article 1 Section 8 of the UEE Imperial Constitution). However, the powers of the Imperator have been reasserted on many occasions by the Supreme Court of the UEE, which since the 2789s admitted, for example, the validity of sole executive agreements, i.e. agreements signed by the Imperator alone with a foreign power, unlike treaties that require the approval of the Senate.
In addition to the general powers of the tribune, which also apply to foreign policy, it is responsible from a diplomatic point of view: regulating foreign trade, defining and punishing crimes committed in high space from a military point of view, ensuring a common defence, raising and maintaining the armies and declaring war. In application of the check and balance mechanism governing the separation of the powers of the UEE, the Senate must ratify the treaties by a 2/3 majority and confirm appointments by a simple majority and obtain validation u High General. The Imperator may veto any initiative of the Senate and the High General.
While the fact that the Imperator is the symbol of Imperial unity tends to strengthen its ascendancy in the field of foreign policy, the fact remains that the Tribunt has also been able to regain control in many circumstances. Its budgetary and economic power remains dominant over the Senate.
The role of the Diplomatic Department is to conduct the official diplomacy of the UEE. Its budget is relatively low at 1% of the budget.